Research still needs primates / La recherche a encore besoin de primates sign now

Depuis de nombreuses annйes, les pressions exercйes par des groupes protectionnistes ont conduit les Institutions Europйennes а poser la question de lintйrкt de continuer а utiliser des primates non humains en recherche biomйdicale.

Par cette pйtition, nous souhaitons insister sur la nйcessitй de garder la possibilitй davoir recours aux primates non humains, dans des circonstances exceptionnelles, lorsquaucune autre alternative nexiste. La recherche est dйjа bien encadrйe par la rйglementation europйenne, les chercheurs ont а justifier le choix de lespиce utilisйe et le bйnйfice scientifique attendu. De plus, ils doivent garantir aux animaux un hйbergement et des soins adaptйs а leurs besoins. Ces dispositions font que lutilisation en Europe des primates non humains ne reprйsente que 0,1\% des animaux de laboratoire, tandis que 90\% sont des rongeurs ou des poissons. Comme lexige la rйglementation actuelle, les primates non humains utilisйs en recherche, essentiellement des macaques, proviennent dйlevages agrййs respectant ainsi les effectifs sauvages et la biodiversitй. Les grand singes (chimpanzйs) ne sont plus utilisйs dans les nouveaux programmes de recherche europйens depuis plusieurs annйes.

Cependant, le recours aux primates non humains reste encore indispensable pour faire progresser la mйdecine en particulier dans les domaines suivants:
- maladies infectieuses humaines qui posent des problиmes а lйchelle mondiale et pour lesquelles les primates non humains sont encore les seuls modиles pertinents (e.g. SIDA, tuberculose, hйpatites, maladies йmergentes)
- maladies mйtaboliques ou dйgйnйratives, atteintes irrйmйdiables liйes au vieillissement (e.g. diabиte, Alzheimer, ostйoporose, atteintes visuelles liйes aux structures spйcifiques des primates : dйgйnйrescence maculaire, dйveloppement du cortex visuel.).

Si les autoritйs europйennes interdisent lutilisation des primates non humains, cette recherche se sera dйlocalisйe hors de lEurope, dans des pays oщ la prise en compte du respect de lanimal nest pas toujours une prioritй.
La recherche actuelle en Europe a encore besoin des primates .

Research still needs primates

A strong lobbying of protectionnists towards European Institutions has led the regulatory bodies to question whether the use of Non Human Primates in biomedical research is still a necessity.

With this petition, we want to emphasize the necessity to maintain the possibility to use Non Human Primates in biomedical research, when no alternative exists. The european legislation already requires that the use of a given species is justified by the researchers according to the cost/benefit and that adequate housing and care is provided to the animals.
Currently, Non Human Primates represent 0.1\% of laboratory animals used in Europe, compared to 90\% of rodents and fishes.
As required by regulations, Non Human Primates used in research, mainly macaques, come from accredited breeding centers thus respecting wild populations and biodiversity. Moreover, since several years, no Apes (chimpanzees) have been involved in new research program within Europe.

Up to now, some research domains cannot progress without Non Human Primates:
- human infectious diseases, to which only Non Human Primates are also susceptible, that cause worldwide health problems (AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis, emerging diseases..)
- diseases caused by dysfunctions in metabolism, degenerative and aging process (diabetis, Alzheimer, osteoporosis, vision..).
If Europe bans the use of Non Human Primates, those researches will be relocated in non-European countries which may have less care for animal welfare.
Dont stop now research in primates.


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Freddie CollierBy:
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