Reject The Draconian DNA Identification Bill 2008 sign now

An effort by the Democratic Action Party Malaysia (DAP) Klang Parliamentarian, Charles Santiago.


10 Reasons - why Malaysians should reject the DNA Identification Bill 2008

On 17th August, 2008 the Barisan Nasional government introduced the controversial DNA Identification Bill in Parliament. It gives excessive powers to the Malaysian police and the Minister of Home Affairs over the use of a person's DNA in criminal offences.

The Bill violates the principles of natural justice and human rights. In fact, the Bill does not outline safeguards or measures in protecting the fundamental rights of people while in custody. There is a fear that DNA evidence can be manipulated for political purposes.

The Bill was passed in principle on 28th August, 2008. The opposition staged a walkout to protest the Minister of Home Affairs refusal to refer the Bill to a select committee for further evaluation.

The draconian bill has to be rejected by all Malaysians. If the Bill becomes Law, our freedom and rights will be further curtailed and violated.

What can you do?

Please go to http://www.thepetitionsite.com/petition/146620995 and sign on to the petition to demonstrate your protest against this draconian law.

Why reject the Draconian DNA Identification Bill 2008

1. A senior police officer will head the DNA databank and will be given arbitrary and wide powers to collect DNA samples from suspected individuals. The collection, storage and testing of samples should be the responsibility of a body that is independent of the police force, and which reports to Parliament. The police force has lost its independence and professionalism, thus DNA samples could be manipulated by the State for political purposes.

2. The DNA Bill seeks to collect, process and store personal and highly sensitive information regarding persons. A Data Protection Act needs to be put in place before a DNA Bill is introduced and the Federal Constitution needs to be amended to add the guarantee of the right to privacy. The privacy of individuals must be protected before the enactment of the DNA Act.

3. The DNA evidence cannot be challenged in court. The Bill states that the "DNA databank shall be admissible a conclusive proof of the DNA identification in any proceedings in court". This violates the principal of natural justice because the court will not be able to independently and objectively assess the DNA evidence. Accused persons will not be able to challenge the DNA evidence.

4. There is no mechanism for a person to challenge or request an independent review of his or her DNA sample or evidence.

5. The information in the DNA databank could be changed and manipulated easily without knowledge of the donor of the DNA sample as there are no safeguards in the Bill.

6. The categories of persons from whom DNA samples may be taken from are too arbitrary and wide as those who are held under preventive detention laws or drug rehabilitation orders and not under investigation for any offence may also be asked to provide their samples.

7. The police may "use all means necessary" to collect non-intimate samples such as saliva, hair and nail etc. What does "use all means necessary" imply when an individual is in police custody?

8. Individuals who refuse to give non-intimate samples or obstruct the collection of non-intimate samples commit a crime and upon conviction can be fined up to RM 10,000 or imprisoned for up to one year.

9. There are no specified regulations for quality control or legal safeguards in the Bill in relation to the collection, handling, storage and testing of DNA samples and profiles.

10. There is no guarantee that the DNA samples or information will be destroyed and removed from the DNA databank after the person is cleared or acquitted of the offence which he/she was suspected of committing.




10 Sebab - Mengapa Rakyat Malaysia harus tolak

Rang Undang-undang Identifikasi DNA 2008

Pada 17 Ogos 2008, kerajaaan Barisan Nasional memperkenalkan rang undang-undang identifikasi DNA yang kontroversi di parlimen. Ia memberikan kuasa terlampau kepada polis dan Menteri Dalam Negeri bagi menggunakan DNA seseorang dalam kesalahan jenayah

Rang undang-undang tersebut mencabul prinsip keadilan semula jadi dan hak asasi manusia. Sebenarnya, rang undang-undang tersebut tidak ada pendekatan untuk mempertahankan hak-hak asas seseorang semasa di bawah tahanan. Ada orang risau bukti DNA itu akan dimanupulasikan bagi tujuan politik.

Rang undang-undang tersebut diluluskan secara prinsip pada 28 Ogos 2008. Pembangkang keluar dewan untuk membantah Menteri Dalam Negeri kerana enggan merujuk rang undang-undang tersebut ke jawatankuasa pemilih bagi mengkaji secara mendalam

Rang undang-undang yang kejam tersebut sepatutnya ditolak oleh semua rakyat Malaysia. Jika rang undang-undang tersebut menjadi satu undang, kebebasan dan hak-hak kita akan semakin diancam dan dicabul.

Apa yang anda boleh buat?

Sila pergi http://www.thepetitionsite.com/petition/146620995 dan tandatangan rayuan tersebut untuk menunjukkan bantahan anda terhadap undang yang kejam ini.

Mengapa tolak Rang Undang-undang Identifikasi DNA 2008

1. Seorang pegawai polis kanan akan memimpin bank data DNA dan diberi kuasa yang luas dan sewenang-wenang untuk mengambil sampel DNA daripada seseorang yang disyaki. Pengambilan, penyimpanan dan ujian sampel sepatutnya tanggungjawab satu badan yang bebas daripada pasukan polis dan melapor kepada parlimen. Pasukan polis tidak lagi independen dan professional, maka sampel DNA mungkin boleh dimanipulasikan oleh kerajaan untuk tujuan politik

2. Rang undang-undang DNA tersebut boleh mengambil, memproses dan menyimpan maklumat peribadi yang amat sensitive. Satu Akta Penjagaan Data harus diadakan sebelum rang undang-undang DNA diperkenalkan dan Perlembagaan Persekutuan harus dipinda untuk menambahkan jaminan terhadap hak-hak privasi. Privasi individu mesti dijaga sebelum menggubal Akta DNA.

3. Bukti DNA tidak boleh dicabar di dalam mahkamah. Rang undang-undang tersebut menyatakan "Maklumat daripada Bank data DNA hendaklah diterima sebagai suatu bukti muktamad bagi identifikasi DNA dalam mana-mana prosiding dalam mana-mana mahkamah". Ini mencabul prinsip keadilan semula jadi kerana mahkamah tidak boleh menyemak bukti DNA secara independen dan objektif. Seseorang yang dituduh tidak boleh mencabar bukti DNA tersebut.

4. Tiada mekanisma bagi orang yang dituduh untuk mencabar atau meminta satu semakan bebas ke atas sampel DNAnya

5. Maklumat yang terkandung di dalam bank data DNA boleh ditukar dan dimanipulasi tanpa pengetahuan pemilik sampel DNA sebab tiada penjagaan dalam rang undang-undang tersebut.

6. Golongan-golongan orang yang sampel DNAnya boleh diambil adalah terlalu luas dan sewenang-wenang sebab sesiapa yang ditahan di bawah undang-undang tahanan pencegahan atau perintah pemulihan dadah dan tidak disiasat untuk sebarang kesalahan boleh disuruh memberi sampel DNA mereka

7. Polis boleh "menggunakan segala cara yang perlu" bagi maksud untuk mengambil sampel bukan intim misalnya air liur, rambut dan kuku dan sebagainya. Apa maksud kandungan "menggunakan segala cara yang perlu bagi maksud" apabila seorang individu di bawah tahanan polis?

8. Individu-individu yang enggan memberi sampel bukan intim atau menghalang pengambilan sampel bukan intim melakukan satu jenayah dan setelah dibukti salah boleh didenda maksimum RM10,000 atau dipenjara maksimum satu tahun.

9. Tiada pengaturan yang mengawal kualiti atau penjagaan sah dalam rang undang-undang tersebut berkaitan dengan pengambilan, pemprosesan, penyimpanan dan ujian sampel dan profil DNA.

10. Tiada jaminan bahawa sampel atau maklumat DNA akan dihapuskan dan dikeluarkan dari bank data DNA selepas seorang dibukti tidak salah dalam kesalahan yang disyaki.


十个理由 --为什么大马人应该反对DNA鉴定法令

2008年8月17日,国阵政府在国会提呈具争议性的DNA(脱氧核糖核酸)鉴定法案。这个法案给予警队和内政部长过多权力使用他人的DNA以调查罪行。

DNA法案违反了自然正义和人权的原则。它没有保障人们被扣留时的基本权利,许多人担心被索取的DNA样本会被操纵以达政治目的。

DNA法案在2008年8月28日原则上被通过,反对党议员集体离席抗议内政部长拒绝成立特选委员会评估该法案。

所有大马人应该拒绝这个违反正义的法案。一旦该法案成为法令,我们的自由与权利将继续被剥夺和侵蚀。

您能够做什么?

请到这个网站http://www.thepetitionsite.com/petition/146620995 签署诉求以抗议这个恶法。

为什么应该反对DNA鉴定法令

(一)DNA资料库将由一位资深警官领导,该警官有任意与广泛的权力向任何被怀疑人士收集DNA样本。收集、储存和检验DNA样本应该由一个独立于警队的机构执行,该机构必须向国会负责。我国警队已失去独立性和专业性,所以政府可能会基于政治理由操纵DNA样本。

(二)DNA法案赋予政府权力收集、处理及储存个人高度敏感的资料。在引介DNA法案之前,政府有必要先制定资料保护法令及修改联邦宪法以保障人民的隐私权。制定DNA法令前必须先保护个人隐私。

(三)DNA的鉴定结果不能在任何法庭被挑战。DNA法案注明DNA资料库所提供的DNA鉴定结果,将被接纳为法庭审讯的最终证据。这违反自然正义的原则,因为法庭无法独立与客观的评估DNA证据,被告也无法挑战DNA证据。

(四)没有一个机制让被告挑战或要求一个独立的DNA鉴定。

(五)DNA资料库的资料可以在样本拥有者不知道的情况下做出更改和轻易操纵,现有的法案并无保护措施。

(六)可被索取DNA的人的类别太过任意和广泛。在预防性扣留法律或戒毒指令下被捕的人士,以及没有接受罪行调查的人都可被要求提供DNA样本。

(七)警察可以用所有能够解释的方法收集非体内样本例如唾液、头发和指甲等等。当一个人被关在警局扣留所,用所有能够解释的方法暗示着什么?

(八)拒绝提供或阻止收集非体内样本将被视为罪行,一旦罪成罚款最高一万令吉或监禁最高一年。

(九)法案在收集、处理、储存和测试DNA样本和图谱方面,没有任何条例阐明品质管理或法律保障。

(十)当一个嫌犯被证明无罪后,法案没有保证他的DNA样本或资料会被摧毁或从DNA资料库中被删除。



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Doreen KirbyBy:
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Petition target:
Y.B. Dato' Seri Syed Hamid bin Syed Jaafar Albar, Minister of Home Affairs Malaysia

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